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The meniscus is a semicircular fibrocartilaginous structure in the knee joint. It consists of a hydrophilic extracellular matrix containing collagen fibers, glycoproteins, and proteoglycans. The meniscus plays a crucial role in load transmission, shock absorption, and stability of the knee joint. It helps distribute forces across the joint, reduces stress on the articular cartilage, and improves joint congruity. Meniscal tears are a common knee injury and can lead to knee osteoarthritis. Repairing meniscal tears is preferred to preserve knee function and reduce the risk of osteoarthritis 12345.

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